Sofrakababexpress – Global warming is driving the extinction of species directly and by infectious diseases. With ever-increasing temperatures, some living things on earth cannot survive and eventually die. To some extent, some species may become extinct due to failure to adapt.
According to research in 2013, many studies for more than a century have shown that temperature and climate variables affect the physiology and demographics of both parasitic and non-parasitic species, both on their habits, development, fertility and even mortality.
On the one hand, warming temperature can increase immunity in different species of insects. On the other hand, a warming climate may have a greater positive effect on the growth and replication of parasites. This situation can cause disease outbreaks that can drastically reduce the host population, or even become extinct. In addition, global warming in some species also has an effect on reducing their immune capacity. This can have a big impact if the host is a species of kuci or the dominant species in its habitat.
Apart from natural factors, human activities such as deforestation, expansion of agricultural land, trophy hunting and production processes that pollute the environment also aggravate the situation, which in turn suppresses the existence of biodiversity. According to data from the World Resources Institute, only 15% of the remaining intact forests in the world have suppressed the existence of biodiversity. Meanwhile, according to a United Nations report, the number of species on earth is currently declining by 20% and more than a million animals and plants are threatened with extinction.
According to a 2010 study, reduced biodiversity could lead to outbreaks due to the possibility of transmitting pathogens from animals to humans. The same is transmitted by the journal Proceeding of the Royal Society B. According to this journal, small animals such as bats, rats and others survive, when large animals are hunted or killed due to climate change, because they are able to adapt to climate change and can side by side living with people.
These small animals that can coexist with humans also cause diseases. Rats alone, for example, caused 60% of the diseases transmitted by animals. Warm temperatures and heavy rainfall due to global warming, plus fewer predators, make the rat problem even bigger.
According to experts, global warming is being affected by global warming. Scientists predict that if global warming continues, by 2050 we will have more mosquito-borne diseases and possibly much bigger than the Covid-19 pandemic.
In his study, Felipe J.C-Gonzalez explained that rising temperatures could potentially lead to about 7.5 million cases of dengue fever annually in the 2050s. Efforts to reduce global warming could therefore reduce the risk of the spread of dengue fever in the future.
Other studies say that in addition to global warming, environmental damage could also have the potential to cause new infectious diseases in the future, including those caused by vectors. The chain of pandemics can occur for a long time and is not realized, starting with changes in the ecosystem. An example is the West Nile outbreak that occurred in America in 1999.
The quote from Abraham Lutsgarten, the drought that prevailed in America at the time, caused a puddle of river water that could be used by mosquitoes to hatch, while many mosquito predators such as dragonflies and frogs died due to lack of water.
Unfortunately, climate change not only affects the transmission of diseases, but also makes us sicker. A study done by Derek R. Macfadden also says that increasing the temperature can increase bacterial resistance to antibiotics.
In a resistant state, bacteria that cause disease in humans no longer respond to given medications. This condition makes treatment even more difficult. As a result, antibiotics become ineffective, infections become more difficult to cure and can eventually increase the risk of disease transmission, exacerbate the disease and even increase the risk of death.
Sumber: venos tech